The Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) started advertising on Facebook and Instagram from the third week of September. While the first ad was issued on September 22 by both Chirag Paswan and LJP official Facebook accounts, the bulk of ads were bought only from mid-October onwards.
Although several countries have held elections during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Bihar assembly polls will be the largest elections with 72.9 million electors in the state, followed by the 2020 US Presidential election.
The Congress party (INC) started advertising on Facebook related to the Bihar election quite early in July through its INC Bihar page. As shown in Figure 1, INC spent close to INR 135,000 in political ads in August, while the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) represented by the page “Modi Sangh Nitish,” spent over INR 97,000 during the same period.